antipathetic


antipathetic
antipathetic, unsympathetic, averse are often used as if they were synonyms. They are, however, not interchangeable if employed in accord with careful usage.
Strictly, antipathetic is applied to things or to persons objectively considered that are disagreeable, distasteful, uncongenial, abhorrent, or repellent
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the whole place and everything about it was antipathetic to her— Trollope

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settlers to whom this formula was antipathetic were asked to go elsewhere— Repplier

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ushering in the year with a series of calls on the most remote and the most personally antipathetic of our innumerable relations— Huxley

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In broader use the word is applied to persons or groups of persons as though it were the antonym of sympathetic; it may imply animosity and not merely the absence of sympathy
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he really disliked Sir Theodosius, who was in every way antipathetic to him— Joseph Shearing

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Unsympathetic, on the other hand, is with rare exceptions applied to persons or to things personified or thought of as expressing personal feeling and suggests an attitude of indifference or insensitiveness or the absence of a response to an appeal to one’s interest or emotions
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an unsympathetic nurse

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an unsympathetic review of a new book

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Averse (for synonyms in this sense see DISINCLINED) is closer to unsympathetic than to antipathetic in that it suggests the spirit in which a person meets something objective rather than the effect of a thing upon a person. However, averse implies not merely a lack of response but a definite turning away and consequently either avoidance or rejection
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averse to a suggestion

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averse to exercise on a hot day

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Thus, a man may be unsympathetic by nature yet not be averse to helping the poor. In general, it may be said that one is averse to (or, chiefly British, from) anything which is antipathetic to one.
Analogous words: repellent, *repugnant, distasteful, abhorrent, obnoxious: *offensive, loathsome, repulsive, revolting
Antonyms: congenial
Contrasted words: attractive, alluring, charming (see under ATTRACT): sympathetic, compatible, *consonant: agreeable, grateful, gratifying, pleasing, *pleasant

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Antipathetic — An ti*pa*thet ic, Antipathetical An ti*pa*thet ic*al, a. Having a natural contrariety, or constitutional aversion, to a thing; characterized by antipathy; often followed by to. Fuller. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • antipathetic — I (distasteful) adjective abhorrent, bitter, disagreeable, disgusting, displeasing, hateful, loathsome, odious, offensive, repellent, repugnant, repulsive, undesirable, uninviting, unsatisfactory, virulent II (oppositional) adjective adverse,… …   Law dictionary

  • antipathetic — (adj.) 1630s having an antipathy for, from an adjectival construction from Gk. antipathein (see ANTIPATHY (Cf. antipathy)). Related: antipathetical (c.1600); antipathetically …   Etymology dictionary

  • antipathetic — [an΄tə pə thet′ik, an tip΄əthet′ik] adj. [< ANTIPATHY, infl. by PATHETIC] 1. having antipathy 2. opposed or antagonistic in character, tendency, etc.: Also antipathetical antipathetically adv …   English World dictionary

  • antipathetic — adjective Date: 1640 1. having a natural aversion; also not sympathetic ; hostile < a government antipathetic to democracy > 2. arousing antipathy < an antipathetic …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • antipathetic — antipathetically, adv. antipatheticalness, n. /an ti peuh thet ik, an tip euh /, adj. 1. opposed, averse, or contrary; having or showing antipathy: They were antipathetic to many of the proposed changes 2. causing or likely to cause antipathy:… …   Universalium

  • antipathetic — an|ti|pa|thet|ic [ˌæntıpəˈθetık] adj formal having a very strong feeling of disliking or opposing someone or something = ↑hostile antipathetic to ▪ It s human nature to be antipathetic to change …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • antipathetic — an·ti·pa·thet·ic .ant i pə thet ik adj 1) having a natural opposition to something <an immune response which can be both antipathetic to the tumour...and protective (Nature)> 2) inducing or characterized by antipathy …   Medical dictionary

  • antipathetic — /ˌæntipəˈθɛtɪk/ (say .anteepuh thetik) adjective (sometimes followed by to) having a natural antipathy, contrariety, or constitutional aversion: he was antipathetic to any change. –antipathetically, adverb …   Australian English dictionary

  • antipathetic — antipathy ► NOUN (pl. antipathies) ▪ a strong feeling of dislike. DERIVATIVES antipathetic adjective. ORIGIN Greek antipatheia, from anti against + pathos feeling …   English terms dictionary


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